Space Environment Physics Group, University of Southampton

Space Environment Physics Group

Publications (pre 2013)

This is a list of publications by members of our group from 1997 to 2012. For more recent publications, please see our current list.


Whiter D. K., B. S . Lanchester, T. Sakanoi, K. Ashamura,
Estimating high-energy electron fluxes by intercalibrating Reimei optical and particle measurements using an ionospheric model
JASTP, 89, 8-17, 2012

B S Lanchester, B J Gustavsson,
Imaging of aurora to estimate the energy and flux of electron precipitation
in AGU Monograph Series, 197, ed. A. Keiling et al., 171-182, AGU, , doi:10.1029/2011GM0011612012

H. Dahlgren, N. Ivchenko, B. S. Lanchester,
Monoenergetic high-energy electron precipitation in thin auroral filaments,
Geophys. Res. Letters, 39, doi:10.1029/2012GL053466, 2012

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J. Archer, H. Dahlgren, N. Ivchenko, B. S. Lanchester, G. T. Marklund,
Dynamics and characteristics of black aurora as observed by high resolution ground-based imagers and radar
IJRS, 32, 11, 2973-2985, doi:10.1080/01431161.2010.541517, 2011

Lanchester B S, O Jokiaho, M Galand, N Ivchenko, D Lummerzheim, J Baumgardner, S Chakrabarti,
Separating and quantifying ionospheric responses to proton and electron precipitation over Svalbard
J Geophys Res, 116, A09322, doi:10.1029/2011JA016474, 2011

Dahlgren H, B Gustavsson, B S Lanchester, N Ivchenko, U. Brändström, D K Whiter, T Sergienko, I Sandahl, G Marklund,
Energy and flux variations across thin auroral arcs
Annales Geophys, 29, 1699-1712, 2011

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Michael Mendillo, Joei Wroten, Raymond Roble, Henry Rishbeth,
The equatorial and low latitude ionosphere within the context of global modelling
JASTP, 72, 4, 358-368, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2009.03.026, 2010

A. P.  Rouillard, J. A. Davies, B. Lavraud, R. J. Forsyth, N. P. Savani, D. Bewsher, D. S. Brown, N. R. Sheeley, C. J. Davis, R. A. Harrison, R. A. Howard, A. Vourlidas, M. Lockwood, S. R. Crothers, C. J. Eyles,
Intermittent release of transients in the slow solar wind: 1. Remote sensing observations
J. Geophys. Res., 115, A4, A04103, doi:10.1029/2009JA014471, 2010

A. P.  Rouillard, B. Lavraud, J. A. Davies, N. P. Savani, L. F. Burlaga, R. J. Forsyth, J.-A. Sauvaud, A. Opitz, M. Lockwood, J. G. Luhmann, K. D. C. Simunac, A. B. Galvin, C. J. Davis, R. A. Harrison,
Intermittent release of transients in the slow solar wind: 2. In situ evidence
J. Geophys. Res., 115, A4, A04104, doi:10.1029/2009JA014472, 2010

H. Dahlgren, A. Aikio, K. Kaila, N. Ivchenko, B.S. Lanchester, D.K. Whiter, G.T. Marklund,
Simultaneous observations of small multi-scale structures in an auroral arc
JASTP, 72, 7-8, 633-637, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2010.01.014, 2010

H. Rishbeth, R. A. Heelis, J. J. Makela, S. Basu,
Storming the Bastille: the effect of electric fields on the ionospheric F-layer
Ann. Geophys., 28, 4, 977-981, 2010

H.U. Frey, O. Amm, C.C. Chaston, S. Fu, G. Haerendel, L. Juusola, T. Karlsson, B. Lanchester, R. Nakamura, N. Ostgaard, T. Sakanoi, E. Seran, D. Whiter, J. Weygand, K. Asamura, M. Hirahara,
Small and Meso-Scale Properties of a Substorm Onset Auroral Arc
J. Geophys. Res., 115, A10209, doi:10.1029/2010JA015537, 2010

D.K. Whiter, B.S. Lanchester, B. Gustavsson, N. Ivchenko, H. Dahlgren,
Using multispectral optical observations to identify the acceleration mechanism responsible for flickering aurora
JGR, 115, A12315, doi:10.1029/2010JA015805, 2010

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H. Dahlgren, N. Ivchenko, B.S. Lanchester, M. Ashrafi, D. Whiter, G. Marklund, J. Sullivan,
First direct optical observations of plasma flows using afterglow of O+ in discrete aurora
JASTP, 71, 2, 228-238, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2008.11.015, 2009

A. P. Rouillard, N. P. Savani, J. A. Davies, B. Lavraud, R. J. Forsyth, S. K. Morley, A. Opitz, N. R. Sheeley, L. F. Burlaga, J.-A. Sauvaud, K. D. C. Simunac, J. G. Luhmann, A. B. Galvin, S. R. Crothers, C. J. Davis, R. A. Harrison, M. Lockwood, C. J. Eyles, D. Bewsher, D. S. Brown,
A Multispacecraft Analysis of a Small-Scale Transient Entrained by Solar Wind Streams
Solar Physics, doi:10.1007/s11207-009-9329-6, 2009

S. K. Morley, A. P. Rouillard, M. P. Freeman,
Recurrent substorm activity during the passage of a corotating interaction region
J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2008.11.009, 2009

J.A. Davies, R.A. Harrison, A.P. Rouillard, N.R. Sheeley, C.H. Perry, D. Bewsher, C.J. Davis, C.J. Eyles, S. Crothers, D.S. Brown,
A synoptic view of solar transient evolution in the inner heliosphere using the Heliospheric Imagers on STEREO
Geophys. Res. Lett, 36, 2, L02102, 2009

H. Rishbeth, M. Mendillo, J. Wroten, R. G. Roble,
Day-by-day modelling of the ionospheric F2-layer for year 2002
JASTP, 71, 8-9, 848-856, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2009.03.022, 2009

M. Ashrafi, B.S. Lanchester, D. Lummerzheim, N. Ivchenko, O. Jokiaho,
Modelling of N2-1P emission rates in aurora using different cross sections for excitation
Annales Geophysicae, 27, 2545-2553, 2009

Y.-M. Wang, N. R. Sheeley, Jr., A. P. Rouillard,
Role of the Sun's Nonaxisymmetric Open Flux in Cosmic-Ray Modulation
Ap. J., 644, 1, 638-645, 2009

M. Lockwood, M. Hairston, I. Finch, A. Rouillard,
Transpolar voltage and polar cap flux during the substorm cycle and steady convection events
J. Geophys. Res., 114, A01210, doi:10.1029/2008JA013697, 2009

C. J. Davis, J. A. Davies, M. Lockwood, A. P. Rouillard, C. J. Eyles, R. A. Harrison,
Stereoscopic imaging of an Earth-impacting solar coronal mass ejection: A major milestone for the STEREO mission
Geophys. Res. Lett, doi:10.1029/2009GL038021, 2009

B. Lavraud, J. T. Gosling, A. P. Rouillard, A. Fedorov, A. Opitz, J.-A. Sauvaud, C. Foullon, I. Dandouras, V. Génot, C. Jacquey, P. Louarn, C. Mazelle, E. Penou, T. D. Phan, D. E. Larson, J. G. Luhmann, P. Schroeder, R. M. Skoug, J. T. Steinberg, C. T. Russell,
Observation of a Complex Solar Wind Reconnection Exhaust from Spacecraft Separated by over 1800 RE
Solar Physics, Online First, 2009

A. P.  Rouillard, J. A. Davies, R. J. Forsyth, N. P. Savani, N. R. Sheeley, A. Thernisien, T.-L. Zhang, R. A. Howard, B. Anderson, C. M. Carr, S. Tsang, M. Lockwood, C. J. Davis, R. A. Harrison, D. Bewsher, M. Fraenz, S. R. Crothers, C. J. Eyles, D. S. Brown, I. Whittaker, M. Hapgood, A. J. Coates, G. H. Jones, M. Grande, R. A. Frahm, J. D. Winningham,
A Solar Storm observed from the Sun to Venus using the STEREO, Venus Express and Messenger spacecraft
J. Geophys. Res., 114, A07106, 2009

M. Lockwood, A. P. Rouillard, I. D. Finch,
The Rise and Fall of Open Solar Flux During the Current Grand Solar Maximum
Ap. J., 700, 2, 937-944, doi:10.1088/0004-637X/700/2/937, 2009

M. Lockwood, M. Owens,
The Accuracy of Using the Ulysses Result of the Spatial Invariance of the Radial Heliospheric Field to Compute the Open Solar Flux
The Astrophysical Journal, 701, 2, 964-973, doi:10.1088/0004-637X/701/2/964, 2009

M. Lockwood, M. Owens, A. P. Rouillard,
Excess open solar magnetic flux from satellite data: 1. Analysis of the third perihelion Ulysses pass
J. Geophys. Res., 114, A11, A11103, doi:10.1029/2009JA014449, 2009

M. Lockwood, M. Owens, A. P. Rouillard,
Excess open solar magnetic flux from satellite data: 2. A survey of kinematic effects
J. Geophys. Res., 114, A11, A11104, doi:10.1029/2009JA014450, 2009

O. Jokiaho, B. S. Lanchester, N. Ivchenko,
Resonance scattering by auroral N2+: steady state theory and observations from Svalbard
Annales Geophys., 27, 9, 3465-3478, 2009

B. S. Lanchester, M. Ashrafi, N. Ivchenko,
Simultaneous imaging of aurora on small scale in OI (777.4 nm) and N2 1P to estimate energy and flux of precipitation
Ann. Geophys., 27, 2881-2891, 2009

O. Jokiaho, N. Ivchenko, H. Dahlgren, D. Whiter, M. Alaniz,
Auroral Diagnostics for PoGOLite Astrophysical Balloon
in proc. 19th ESA Symposium on European Rocket and Balloon Programmes and Related Research, ed. H. Lacoste, 195-200, ESA Communication, 2009

H. Rishbeth, M. A. Shea, D. F. Smart,
The solar-terrestrial event of 23 February 1956
Adv. Space Res., 44, 10, 1096-1106, doi:10.1016/j.asr.2009.06.020, 2009

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H. Dahlgren, N. Ivchenko, J. Sullivan, B. Lanchester, G. Marklund, D. Whiter,
Morphology and dynamics of aurora at fine scale: first results from the ASK instrument
Annales Geophys., 26, 1041-1048, May 2008

J. M. Sullivan, M. Lockwood, B. S. Lanchester, E. P. Kontar, N. Ivchenko, H. Dahlgren, D. K. Whiter,
An optical study of multiple NEIAL events driven by low energy electron precipitaton
Annales Geophys., 26, EISCAT Special Issue, 2435-2447, 2008

O. Jokiaho, B. S. Lanchester, N. Ivchenko, G. J. Daniell, L. C. H. Miller, D. Lummerzheim,
Rotational temperature of N2+ (0,2) ions from spectrographic measurements used to infer the energy of precipitation in different auroral forms and compared with radar measurements
Annales Geophys., 26, 853-866, 2008

H. Dahlgren, N. Ivchenko, B. S. Lanchester, J. Sullivan, D. Whiter, G. Marklund, A. Strømme,
Using spectral characteristics to interpret auroral imaging in the 731.9 nm O+ line
Annales Geophys., 26, 7, 1905 -1917, 2008

M. Lockwood, C. Fröhlich,
Recent oppositely directed trends in solar climate forcings and the global mean surface air temperature. II. Different reconstructions of the total solar irradiance variation and dependence on response time scale
Proc. Roy. Soc. A, 464, 2094, 1367-1385, 2008

M. Lockwood,
Recent changes in solar outputs and the global mean surface temperature. III. Analysis of contributions to global mean air surface temperature rise
Proc. Roy. Soc. A, 464, 2094, 1387-1404, 2008

A. P.  Rouillard, J. A. Davies, R. J. Forsyth, A. Rees, C. J. Davis, R. A. Harrison, M. Lockwood, D. Bewsher, S. R. Crothers, C. J. Eyles, M. Hapgood, C. H. Perry,
First imaging of corotating interaction regions using the STEREO spacecraft
Geophys. Res. Lett, 35, 10, L10110, 2008

D.K. Whiter, B.S. Lanchester, B. Gustavsson, N. Ivchenko, J.M. Sullivan, H. Dahlgren,
Small-scale structures in flickering aurora
Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L23103, doi:10.1029/2008GL036134, 2008

G. D. Dorrian, A. R. Breen, D. S. Brown, J. A. Davies, R. A. Fallows, A. P. Rouillard,
Simultaneous interplanetary scintillation and Heliospheric Imager observations of a coronal mass ejection
Geophys. Res. Lett, 35, 24, L24104, doi:10.1029/2008GL036181, 2008

I. D. Finch, M. Lockwood, A. P. Rouillard,
Effects of solar wind magnetosphere coupling recorded at different geomagnetic latitudes: Separation of directly-driven and storage/release systems
Geophys. Res. Lett, 35, L21105, doi:10.1029/2008GL035399, 2008

S-J. Ham, H. Lee, J-M. Lee, S-W. Kim, A. Richard, M. Lockwood,
Stray light analysis of SALEX instrument
in Proc. SPIE, 7069, L690-L690, 2008

H. Rishbeth,
Anniversaries in Solar-Terrestrial Physics: 2008-2010
EOS Trans. AGU, 89, 46, 458, doi:10.1029/2008EO460002, 2008

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I. Finch, M. Lockwood,
Solar wind-magnetosphere coupling functions on timescales of 1 day to 1 year
Annales Geophys., 25, 495-506, 2007

T. Ulich, M.A. Clilverd, M.J. Jarvis, H. Rishbeth,
Unravelling signs of global change in the ionosphere
in Space Weather : Proceedings of 2nd European Space Weather Symposium, 2006, Chap 2.3, ed. Lilensten, 95-105, Springer, Berlin, 2007

A.P. Rouillard, M. Lockwood, I. Finch,
Centennial Changes in the solar wind speed and in the open solar flux
J. Geophys. Res., 112, A05103, doi:10.1029/2006JA012130, 2007

A.P. Rouillard, M. Lockwood,
Centennial changes in solar activity and the response of galactic cosmic rays
Advances in Space Research, 40, 7, 1078-1086, 2007

A.P. Rouillard, M. Lockwood,
The latitudinal effect of corotating interaction regions on galactic cosmic rays
Solar Physics, 245, 191-206, 2007

M. Ashrafi, M. J. Kosch, K. Kaila, B. Isham,
Spatiotemporal evolution of radio wave pump-induced ionospheric phenomena near the fourth electron gyroharmonic
Journal of Geophysical Research, 2007

M. Ashrafi,
ASK: Auroral Structure and Kinetics in action
Astronomy & Geophysics, 48, 4, 2007

M. Lockwood, M. Hapgood,
The rough guide to the Moon and Mars
Astron. and Geophys., 48, 11-17, 2007

M. Lockwood,
Fly me to the Moon?
Nature Physics, 3, 669-671, 2007

M. Lockwood, C. Fröhlich,
Recent oppositely directed trends in solar climate forcings and the global mean surface air temperature.
Proc. Roy. Soc A, 463, 2447-2460, 2007

E. Priest, M. Lockwood, S. Solanki, A. Wolfendale,
Does the sun affect the Earth's climate?
Astron. and Geophys., 48, 3, 7-7, 2007

H. Rishbeth,
Do earthquake precursors really exist?
Trans. American Geophysical Union (EOS), 88, 296, July 2007

H. Rishbeth,
Thermospheric targets
Trans. American Geophysical Union (EOS), 88, 189, 193, April 2007

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J.E. Borovsky, M.H. Denton,
The effect of plasmaspheric drainage plumes on solar-wind/magnetosphere coupling
Geophysical Research Letters, 33, L20101, doi:10.1029/2006GL026519, 2006

S.C. Robertson, B.S. Lanchester, M. Garland, D. Lummerzheim, A.B. Stockton-Chalk, A.D. Aylward, I. Furniss, J. Baumgardner,
First ground-based optical observation of Hbeta Doppler profiles near local noon in the cusp
Annales Geophys., 24, 2543-2552, October 2006

M. Lockwood, A.P. Rouillard, I.D. Finch, R. Stamper,
Comment on the IDV index: its derivation and use in inferring long-term variations of the interplanetary magnetic field strength by Svalgaard and Cliver
J. Geophys. Res., 111, A09109, doi:10.1029/2006JA011640, 2006

H. Rishbeth, I.C.F. Müller-Wodarg,
Why is there more ionosphere in January than July? The annual asymmetry in the ionospheric F2 layer
Annales Geophys., 24, 3293-3311, December 2006

J.M. Sullivan, N. Ivchenko, M. Lockwood, T. Grydeland, E.M. Blixt, B.S. Lanchester,
Phase calibration of the EISCAT Svalbard Radar Interferometer using optical satellite signatures
Annales Geophys., 24, 2419 - 2427, SRef-ID: 1432-0576/ag/2006-24-2419, September 2006

M.W. Dunlop, M.G.G.T. Taylor, J.A. Davies, Z. Pu, A.N. Fazakerley, C.J. Owen, Y.V. Bogdanova, F. Pitout, H. Laakso, Q.-G. Zong, C. Shen, K. Nykyri, B. Lavraud, S.E. Milan, Z.-X. Liu, C.P. Escoubet, H. Rème, C.M. Carr, P. Cargill, T.D. Phan, M. Lockwood, B. Sonnerup,
Comparative Cluster/Double Star Observations of the High and Low Latitude Dayside Magnetopause
in Proc. Cluster symposium, ESTEC, ESA SP-598, ed. K. Fletcher, 19-23, ESA Publications, Nordvijk, The Netherlands, 2006

M. Lockwood,
What do cosmogenic isotopes tell us about past solar forcing of climate?
Space Sci. Rev., 125, 95-109, doi:10.1007/s11214-006-9049-2, 2006

H. Rishbeth,
Ionoquakes:ionospheric precursors of earthquakes?
EOS - Trans. American Geophysical Union, 87, 32, 316-317, 8th August 2006

M.A. Clilverd, E. Clarke, Th. Ulich, H. Rishbeth, M.J. Jarvis,
Predicting Solar Cycle 24 and beyond
Space Weather, 4, S09005, doi:10.1029/2005SW000207, 2006

S.K. Morley, M. Lockwood,
A numerical model of the ionospheric signatures of time-varying magnetic reconnection: 3. Quasi-instantaneous convection responses in the Cowley-Lockwood paradigm
Annales Geophys., 24, 961-972, 2006

M.H. Denton, J.E. Borovsky, R.M. Skoug, M.F. Thomsen, B. Lavraud, M.G. Henderson, R.L. McPherron, J.C. Zhang, M.W. Liemohn,
Geomagnetic storms driven by ICME- and CIR-dominated solar wind
Journal of Geophysical Research, 111, A07S07, doi:10.1029/2005/JA011366, 2006

M.G. Henderson, R. Skoug, E. Donovan, M.F. Thomsen, G.D. Reeves, M.H. Denton, H.J. Singer, R.L. McPherron, S.B. Mende, T.J. Immel, J.B. Sigwarth, L.A. Frank,
Substorms during the August 10-11 sawtooth event
Journal of Geophysical Research, 111, A06206, doi:10.1029/2005/JA011366, 2006

M. Lockwood, B.S. Lanchester, S.K. Morley, K. Throp, S.E. Milan, M. Lester, H.U. Frey,
Modelling the observed proton aurora and ionospheric convection responses to changes in the IMF clock angle: 2. Persistence of ionospheric convection
Journal of Geophysical Research, 111, A02306, doi:10.1029/2003JA010307, 2006

H. Rishbeth,
F-region links with the lower atmosphere?
J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 68, 469-478, 2006

M. Mendillo, P. Withers, D. Hinson, H. Rishbeth, B. Reinisch,
Solar flare effects on Mars and Earth
Science, 311, 5764, 1135-1138, 24 February 2006

Wang, Y.M., N.R. Sheeley, A.P. Rouillard,
Role of the Sun's Non-axissymmetric Flux in Cosmic-Ray Modulation
The Astrophysical Journal, 644, 1, 638-645, 2006

M. Ashrafi, M. J. Kosch, F. Honary,
Heater-induced altitude descent of the EISCAT UHF ion line enhancements: observations and modelling
Advances in Space Research, 38, 11, 2006

J.A. Davies, M.W. Dunlop, C.H. Perry, M. Lockwood, I. Alexeev, M.G.G.T. Taylor, A.N. Fazakerley, C.J. Owen, A. Marchaudon, R.H.W. Friedel, X.H. Deng, M. Grande, P.W. Daly,
Energetic Electron Signatures in an Active Magnetotail Plasma Sheet
Adv. Space Res., 38, 8, 1608-1614, 2006

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S.K. Morley, M. Lockwood,
A numerical model of the ionospheric signatures of time-varying magnetic reconnection: II. Measuring expansions in the ionospheric flow response
Annales Geophys., 23, 2501-2510, 2005

H. Lee, S.-W. Kim, A. Richards, I. Tosh, N. Morris, M. Lockwood,
Stray-light analysis of Amon-Ra instrument Optical Modelling and Performance Predictions II
in Proc. S.P.I.E., 5678, ed. M.A. Kahan, 46-57, 2005

M.W. Dunlop, M.G.G.T. Taylor, J.A. Davies, C.J. Owen, F. Pitout, A.N. Fazakerley, Z. Pu, H. Laakso, Y.V. Bogdanova, Q.-G. Zong, C. Shen, K. Nykyri, B. Lavraud, S.E. Milan, T.D. Phan, H. Rème, C.P. Escoubet, C.M. Carr, P. Cargill, M. Lockwood, B. Sonnerup,
Coordinated Cluster/Double Star observations of dayside reconnection signatures
Annales Geophys., 23, 2867-2875, 2005

M. Lockwood, J.A. Davies, J. Moen, A.P. van Eyken, K. Oksavik, I.W. McCrea, M.E. Lester,
Motion of the dayside polar cap boundary during substorm cycles: II. Generation of poleward-moving events and polar cap patches by pulses in the magnetopause reconnection rate
Annales Geophys., 23, 3513-3532, 2005

M. Lockwood, J. Moen, A.P. van Eyken, J.A. Davies, K. Oksavik, I.W. McCrea,
Motion of the dayside polar cap boundary during substorm cycles: I. Observations of pulses in the magnetopause reconnection rate
Annales Geophys., 23, 3495-3511, 2005

H. Lee, I. Tosh, N. Morris, M. Lockwood, S-W. Kim,
The optomechanical design of Amon-Ra instrument, Electronic Imaging and Multimedia Technology IV
in Proc. S.P.I.E., 5638, ed. C-S Li and M.M. Yeung, 248-261, 2005

K. Throp, M. Lockwood, B.S. Lanchester, S.K. Morley, H. U. Frey,
Modelling the observed proton aurora and ionospheric convection responses to changes in the IMF clock angle: 1. Persistence of cusp proton aurora
Journal of Geophysical Research, 110, A12311, doi:10.1029/2003JA010306, 2005

E.M. Blixt, T. Grydeland, N. Ivchenko, T. Hagfors, C. La Hoz, B.S. Lanchester, U.P. Lauvhaug, T.S. Trondsen,
Dynamic rayed aurora and enhanced ion-acoustic radar echos
Annales Geophys., 23, 3-11, 2005

M.A. Clilverd, E. Clarke, Th. Ulich, J. Linthe, H. Rishbeth,
Reconstructing the long-term aa index
J. Geophys. Res. - Space Physics, 110, A7, A07205, doi:10.1029/2004JA010762, 2005

P. Withers, M. Mendillo, H. Rishbeth, D.P. Hinson, J. Arkani-Hamed,
Ionospheric characteristics above Martian crustal magnetic anomalies
Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L16204, doi:10.1029/2003GL023483, 2005

M. Mendillo, C-L. Huang, X-Q. Pi, H. Rishbeth, R.R. Meier,
The annual asymmetry in ionospheric electron content
J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 67, 1377-1387, 2005

M. Ashrafi, M. J. Kosch, F. Honary,
Comparison of the characteristic energy of precipitating electrons derived from ground-based and DMSP satellite data
Annales GeophysAtmos. - Hydros. & Space Sci., 28, 1, 2005

N. Ivchenko, E. M. Blixt, B. S. Lanchester,
Multispectral observations of auroral rays and curls
Geophysical Research Letters, 32, L18106, 2005

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T.J. Stubbs, P.J. Cargill, M. Lockwood, M. Grande, B.J. Kellett, C.H. Perry,
Extended cusp-like regions and their dependence on the Polar orbit, seasonal variations, and interplanetary conditions
J. Geophys. Res., 109, A09210, doi:10.1029/2003JA010163, 2004

A. Rouillard, M. Lockwood,
Oscillations in the open solar magnetic flux with period 1.68 years: imprint on galactic cosmic rays and implications for heliospheric shielding
Annales Geophys., 46, 22, 4381-4395, 2004

M. Lockwood,
Solar Outputs, their variations and their effects of Earth, in The Sun, Solar Analogs and the Climate
in Proc. Saas-Fee Advanced Course, 34, by J.D. Haigh, M. Lockwood and M.S. Giampapa, ed. I. Rüedi, M. Güdel, and W. Schmutz, pp107-304, Springer, ISBN: 3-540-23856-5, 2004

J. Moen, M. Lockwood, K. Oskavik, H.C. Carlson, W.F. Denig, A.P. van Eyken, I.W. McCrea,
The dynamics and relationships of precipitation, temperature and convection boundaries in the dayside auroral oval
Annales Geophys., 22, 1-15, 2004

M. Lockwood, S.K. Morley,
A numerical model of the effects of time-varying reconnection - I: Ionospheric convection
Annales Geophys., 22, 73-91, 2004

T.J. Stubbs, M. Lockwood, P. Cargill, M. Grande, B. Kellett, C.H. Perry,
A comparison between ion characteristics observed by the POLAR and DMSP spacecraft in the high-latitude magnetosphere
Annales Geophys., 22, 1033-1046, 2004

M. Lockwood, R.B. Forsyth, A. Balogh, D.J. McComas,
Open solar flux estimates from near-Earth measurements of the interplanetary magnetic field: comparison of the first two perihelion passes of the Ulysses spacecraft
Annales Geophys., 22, 1395-1405, 2004

N. Ivchenko, M.H. Rees, B.S. Lanchester, D. Lummerzheim, M. Galand, K. Throp, I. Furniss,
Observation of O+ (4P-4D0) lines in electron aurora over Svalbard
Annales Geophys., 22, 2805-2817, 2004

M. Galand, J. Baumgardner, D. Pallamraju, S. Chakrabarti, U.P. Løvhaug, D. Lummerzheim, B.S. Lanchester, M.H. Rees,
Spectral imaging of proton aurora and twilight at Tromsø, Norway
J. Geophys. Res., 109, A7, A07305, doi:10.1029/2003JA010033, 2004

N. Ivchenko, M. Galand, M.H. Rees, B.S. Lanchester, D. Lummerzheim,
Observation of O+ (4P-4D0) lines in proton aurora over Svalbard
Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L10807, doi:10.1029/2003GL019313, 2004

H. Rishbeth, R.A. Heelis, I.C.F. Müller-Wodarg,
Variations of thermospheric composition according to AE-C data and CTIP modelling
Annales Geophys., 22, 441-452, 2004

H. Rishbeth, M. Mendillo,
Ionospheric Layers of Mars and Earth
Planet. Space Sci., 52, 849-852, 2004

H. Rishbeth,
Questions of the equatorial F2-layer and thermosphere
J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 66, 1669-1674, 2004

M. Clilverd, E. Clarke, T. Clarke, H. Rishbeth, Th. Ulich,
Reply to > Long-term prediction of solar activity - discussion by S. Tobias, N. Weiss, J. Beer
Astronomy & Geophysics, 45, 2, 2.7, 2004

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B.S. Lanchester, M. Galand, S.C. Robertson, M.H. Rees, D. Lummerzheim, I. Furniss, L.M. Peticolas, H.U. Frey, M. Mendillo, J. Baumgardner,
High resolution measurements and modelling of auroral hydrogen emission line profiles
Annales Geophys., 21, 1629-1643, 2003

B.S. Lanchester, M.H. Rees, S.C. Robertson, D. Lummerzheim, M. Galand, M. Mendillo, J. Baumgardner, I. Furniss, A.D. Aylward,
Proton and electron precipitation over Svalbard - first results from a new Imaging Spectrograph (HiTIES)
Proceedings of Atmospheric Studies by Optical Methods, SGO Pubs, 92, 33-36, 2003

M. Lockwood, B.S. Lanchester, H. Frey, K. Throp, S. Morley, S.E. Milan, M. Lester,
IMF control of cusp proton emission intensity and dayside convection: implications for component and anti-parallel reconnection
Annales Geophys., 21, 955-982, 2003

M. Lockwood,
Twenty-three cycles of changing open solar magnetic flux
Journal of Geophysical Research, 108, doi:10.1029/2002JA009431, 2003

I. McWhirter, I. Furniss, B.S. Lanchester, S.C. Robertson, J. Baumgardner, M. Mendillo,
A new spectrograph platform for auroral studies in Svalbard
in Proceedings of Atmospheric Studies by Optical Methods, SGO Pubs, 92, 73-37, 2003

S.K. Morley, M. Lockwood,
The dependence of cusp ion signatures on reconnection rate
Annales Geophys., 21, 947-953, 2003

A. Otto, D. Lummerzheim, H. Zhu, Ø. Lie-Svendsen, M.H. Rees, B.S. Lanchester,
Excitation of tall auroral rays by ohmic heating in field-aligned current filaments at F region heights
Journal of Geophysical Research, 108, A4, 8017, doi:10.1029/2002JA009423, 2003

H. Rishbeth,
Basic physics of the ionosphere
in Radiowave Propagation, 2nd edition, ed. L.W. Barclay, pp 285-311, IEE, London, 2003

M. Mendillo, S. Smith, J. Wroten, H. Rishbeth, D. Hinson,
Simultaneous ionospheric variablity on Earth and Mars
J. Geophys. Res., 108, A12, 1432, doi:10.1029/2003JA009961, 2003

Th. Ulich, M.A. Clilverd, H. Rishbeth,
On detecting long-term change in the ionosphere
Trans. Amer. Geophys. Union (EOS), 84, 581 & 585, 30 December 2003

M.A. Clilverd, E. Clarke, H. Rishbeth, T. Clark, Th. Ulich,
Solar activity levels in 2100
Astronomy & Geophysics, 44, 5.20-5.22, 2003

H. Rishbeth,
Phil Williams, 1939-2003
Astronomy & Geophysics, 44, 5.38, 2003

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M.A. Clilverd, T.D.G. Clark, E. Clark, H. Rishbeth, Th. Ulich,
Long-term changes in the aa index
Journal of Geophysical Research, 107, A12, 1441, 2002

J.A. Davies, T.K. Yeoman, I.J. Rae, S.E. Milan, M. Lester, M. Lockwood, K.A. McWilliams,
Ground-based observations of the auroral zone and polar cap ionospheric responses to dayside transient reconnection
Annales Geophys., 20, 781-794, 2002

M. Lockwood,
Forward by the Chairman of the EISCAT Council
Annales Geophys., 20, 1261-1262, 2002

M. Lockwood,
An evaluation of the correlation between open solar flux and total solar irradiance
Astronomy & Astrophysics, 382, 678-687, 2002

M. Lockwood,
Long-term variations in the open solar flux and links to variations in Earth's climate
in From Solar Min to Max: Half a solar cycle with SoHO, Proc. SoHO 11 Symposium, Davos, Switzerland, ESA-SP-508, 507-522, ESA Publications, Noordvijk, The Netherlands, 2002

M. Lockwood,
Relationship between the near-Earth interplanetary magnetic field and the coronal source flux: Dependence on timescale
Journal of Geophysical Research, 107, 1425, 2002

D.H. Mackay, E.R. Priest, M. Lockwood,
The Evolution of the Sun's Open Magnetic Flux: I. A Single Bipole
Solar Physics, 207(2), 291-308, 2002

D.H. Mackay, E.R. Priest, M. Lockwood,
The Evolution of the Sun's Open magnetic Flux: II. Full solar cycle simulations
Solar Physics, 209(2), 287-309, 2002

M. Mendillo, H. Rishbeth, R.G. Roble, J. Wroten,
Modelling F2-layer seasonal trends and day-to-day variability driven by coupling with the lower atmosphere
Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 64, 1911-1931, 2002

H. Rishbeth,
High above the earth
Nature, 418, 23, 2002

H. Rishbeth,
Penn State 1950: The coming-of-age of ionospheric physics
Trans. Amer. Geophys. Union (EOS), 83, 349 & 351, 2002

H. Rishbeth,
Toshiyuki Yonezawa, 1915-2001
Trans. Amer. Geophys. Union (EOS), 83, 407, 2002

H. Rishbeth,
Whatever happened to superrotation?
Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 64, 1351-1360, 2002

E.E. Woodfield, J.A. Davies, M. Lester, T.K. Yeoman, P. Eglitis, M. Lockwood,
Nightside studies of coherent HF Radar spectral width behaviour
Annales Geophys., 20, 1399-1413, 2002

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M. Lockwood,
Long-term variations in cosmic ray fluxes and total solar irradiance and global climate change
in Proc. Workshop on Ion-Aerosol-Cloud Interactions, CERN, 18-20th April 2001, ed. J. Kirkby, CERN Yellow Report, CERN-2001-007, ISSN: 0007-8328, ISBN: 92-9083-191-0, 2001

T.G. Onsager, J.D. Scudder, M. Lockwood, C.T. Russell,
Reconnection at the High-Latitude Magnetopause During Northward IMF Conditions
J. Geophys. Res., 106, 25,467-25,488, 2001

K. Kauristie, T.I. Pulkkinen, O. Amm, A. Viljanen, M. Syrjäsuo, P. Janhunen, S. Massetti, S. Orsini, M. Candidi, J. Watermann, E. Donovan, P. Prikryl, I.R. Mann, P. Eglitis, C. Smith, W.F. Denig, H.J. Opgenoorth, M. Lockwood, M. Dunlop, A. Vaivads, M. André,
Ground-based and satellite observations of high-latitude auroral activity in the dusk sector of the auroral oval
Annales Geophys., 19, 1683-1696, 2001

H.J. Opgenoorth, M. Lockwood, D. Alcayde, E. Donovan, M.J. Engebretson, A.P. van Eyken, K. Kauristie, M. Lester, J. Moen, J. Watermann, H. Alleyne, M. Andre, M.W. Dunlop, N. Cornilleau-Wehrlin, P.M.E. Decreau, A. Fazerkerly, H. Reme, R. Andre, O. Amm, A. Balogh, R. Behlke, P.L. Blelly, H. Boholm, E. Borälv, J.M. Bosqued, S. Buchert, M. Candidi, J.C. Cerisier, C. Cully, W.F. Denig, R. Doe, P. Eglitis, R.A. Greenwald, B. Jackal, J.D. Kelly, I. Krauklis, G. Lu, I.R. Mann, M.F. Marcucci, I.W. McCrea, M. Maksimovic, S. Massetti, A. Masson, D.K. Milling, S. Orsini, F. Pitout, G. Provan, J.M. Ruohoniemi, J.C. Samson, J.J. Schott, F. Sedgemore-Sculthess, R. Stamper, P. Stauning, A. Strömme, M. Taylor, A. Vaivads, J.P. Villain, I. Voronkov, J. Wild, M. Wild,
Coordinated Ground-Based, Low Altitude Satellite and Cluster Observations on Global and Local Scales During a Transient Postnoon Sector Excursion of the Magnetospheric Cusp
Annales Geophys., 19, 1367-1398, 2001

M. Lockwood, S.E. Milan, T. Onsager, C.H. Perry, J.A. Scudder, C.T. Russell, M. Brittnacher,
Cusp Ion Steps, Field-Aligned Currents and Poleward-Moving Auroral Forms
Journal of Geophysical Research, 106, 29,555-29,570, 2001

N.J. Fox, S.W.H. Cowley, J.A. Davies, R.A. Greenwald, M. Lester, M. Lockwood, H. Lühr,
Ionospheric ion and electron heating at the poleward boundary of a poleward-expanding substorm-disturbed region
Journal of Geophysical Research, 106, 12845-12862, 2001

M. Lockwood,
Long-Term Variations in the Magnetic Fields of the Sun and the Heliosphere: their origin, effects and implications
Journal of Geophysical Research, 106, 16021-16038, 2001

C.J. Davis, E.M. Clarke, R.A. Bamford, M. Lockwood, S.A. Bell,
Long term changes in EUV and X-ray emissions from the solar corona and chromsphere as measured by the response of the Earth's ionosphere during total solar eclipses from 1932 to 1999
Annales Geophys., 19, 263-273, 2001

S. Foster, M. Lockwood,
Long-Term Changes in the Solar Photosphere Associated with Changes in the Coronal Source Flux
Geophys. Res. Lett., 28, 1443-1446, 2001

B.S. Lanchester, D. Lummerzheim, A. Otto, M.H. Rees, K.J.F. Sedgemore-Schulthess, H. Zhu, I.W. McCrea,
Ohmic heating as evidence for strong field-aligned currents in filamentary aurora
Journal of Geophysical Research, 106, 1785-1794, 2001

M. Lockwood, H. Opgenoorth, A.P. van Eyken, A. Fazakerley, J.-M. Bosqued, W. Denig, M.A. Hapgood, M.N. Wild, R. Stamper, M. Dunlop, J. Wild, G. Lu, M. Taylor, O. Amm, I.W. McCrea, K. Kauristie, T. Pulkinnen, A. Stromme, P. Prikryl, F. Pitout, A. Balogh, H. Reme, R. Behlke, T. Hansen, R. Greenwald, G. Provan, P. Eglitis, S.K. Morley, D. Alcayde, P.-L. Blelly, J. Moen, E. Donovan, M. Engebretson, M. Lester, J. Waterman, M.F. Marcucci,
Coordinated Cluster, ground-based instrumentation and low-altitude satellite observations of transient poleward-moving events on the low and high altitude mantle regions
Annales Geophys., 19, 1589-1612, 2001

M. Lockwood, A. Fazakerley, H. Opgenoorth, J. Moen, A.P. van Eyken, M. Dunlop, J.-M. Bosqued, G. Lu, C. Cully, P. Eglitis, I.W. McCrea, M.A. Hapgood, M.N. Wild, R. Stamper, W. Denig, M. Taylor, J. Wild, G. Provan, O. Amm, K. Kauristie, T. Pulkinnen, A. Stromme, P. Prikryl, F. Pitout, A. Balogh, H. Reme, R. Behlke, T. Hansen, R. Greenwald, H. Frey, S.K. Morley, D. Alcayde, P.-L. Blelly, E. Donovan, M. Engebretson, M. Lester, J. Waterman, M.F. Marcucci,
Coordinated Cluster and ground-based instrument observations of transient changes in the magnetopause boundary layer during an interval of predominantly northward IMF: relation to reconnection pulses and FTE signatures
Annales Geophys., 19, 1613-1640, 2001

M. Lockwood,
The day the solar wind nearly died
Nature, 6821, 409, 677-679, 2001

M. Lockwood, S. Foster,
Long-term variations in the magnetic field of the Sun and possible implications for terrestrial climate
in The solar cycle and Terrestrial Climate, Proc. 1st Solar and Space Weather Euroconference, ESP SP-463, 85-94, 2001

M. Lockwood, D.H. Mackay,
Solar magnetism attracts an answer
Physics World, 14, 3, 21-22, 2001

T.I. Pulkkinen, H. Nevanlinna, P.J. Pulkkinen, M. Lockwood,
The Sun-Earth Connection in Time Scales from Years to Decades and Centuries
Space Science Review, 95(1/2), 625-637, 2001

T.J. Stubbs, M. Lockwood, P. Cargill, J. Fennel, M. Grande, B. Kellett, C.H. Perry, A. Rees,
Dawn/dusk asymmetry in particles of solar wind origin within the magnetosphere
Annales Geophys., 19, 1-9, 2001

H. Rishbeth, M. Mendillo,
Patterns of F2-layer variability
Journal of Atmospheric Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 63, 1661-1680, 2001

H. Rishbeth,
The centenary of solar-terrestrial physics
Journal of Atmospheric Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 63, 1883-2001, 2001

H. Rishbeth, C.J. Davis,
RAL celebrates 70 years of ionospheric sounding
IEE Review, page 6, March 2001

H. Rishbeth, C.J. Davis,
The 70th anniversary of ionospheric sounding
IEE Engineering Science & Education Journal, August 2001

H. Zhu, A. Otto, M.H. Rees, B.S. Lanchester, D. Lummerzheim,
Ionosphere-Magnetosphere simulation of small scale structure and dynamics
Journal of Geophysical Research, 106, 1795-1806, 2001

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C.J. Davis, M. Lockwood, S.A. Bell, J.A. Smith, E.M. Clarke,
Ionospheric measurements of relative coronal brightness during the total solar eclipses of 11 August 1999 and 9 July 1945
Annales Geophys., 18, 182-190, 2000

S.B.P. Karlsson, H.J Opgenoorth, P. Eglitis, K. Kauristie, M. Syrjäsuo, T. Pulkkinen, M. Lockwood, R. Nakamura, G. Reeves, S. Romanov,
Solar wind control of magnetospheric energy content: substorm quenching and multiple onsets
Journal of Geophysical Research, 105, 5335-5356, 2000

M. Lockwood, I.W. McCrea, S.E. Milan, J. Moen, J.-C. Cerisier, A. Thorolfsson,
Plasma structure within poleward-moving cusp-cleft auroral transients: EISCAT Svalbard radar observations and an explanation in terms of large local time extent of events
Annales Geophys., 18, 1027-1042, 2000

I.W. McCrea, M. Lockwood, J. Moen, F. Pitout, P. Eglitis, A.D. Aylward, J.-C. Cerisier, A. Thorolfsson, S.E. Milan,
ESR and EISCAT observations of the response of the cusp and cleft to IMF orientation changes
Annales Geophys., 18, 1009-1026, 2000

H.J. Opgenoorth, P. Eglitis, M. Lockwood,
Upgraded ground-based facilities for coordinated measurements with Cluster: opportunities for magnetospheric research revisited
in Proc. Cluster-II Workshop on Multiscale-Multipoint Measurements, London, ESA SP-449, pp 79-85, European Space Agency Publications, ESTEC, Noordwijk, 2000

H. Rishbeth, M. Mendillo, R. Yelle,
Dynamics of Titan's thermosphere
Planetary Space Science, 48, 51-58, 2000

H. Rishbeth, K.J.F. Sedgemore-Schulthess, Th. Ulich,
Annual and semiannual variations in the height of the ionospheric F2-layer
Annales Geophysicae, 18, 285-299, 2000

H. Rishbeth,
The equatorial F-layer: Progress and puzzles
Annales Geophysicae, 18, 730-739, 2000

H. Rishbeth, I.C.F. Müller-Wodarg, L. Zou, T.J. Fuller-Rowell, G.H. Millward, R.J. Moffett, D.W. Idenden, A.D. Aylward,
Annual and semiannual variations in the ionospheric F2-layer: II. Physical descussion
Annales Geophysicae, 18, 945-956, 2000

T.J. Stubbs, P.J. Cargill, M. Grande, B. Kellet, M. Lockwood, C.H. Perry,
Observations of the northern polar cusp with the Polar spacecraft
in Proc. Cluster-II Workshop on Multiscale-Multipoint Measurements, London, ESA SP-449, pp 319-322, European Space Agency Publications, ESTEC, Noordwijk, 2000

A. Thorolfsson, J.-C. Cerisier, M. Lockwood, P.E. Sandholt, C. Senior, M. Lester,
Simultaneous radar and optical signatures of poleward-moving auroral forms
Annales Geophysicae, 18, 1054-1066, 2000

Zou, L., H. Rishbeth, I.C.F. Müller-Wodarg, A.D. Aylward, G.H. Millward, T.J. Fuller-Rowell, D.W. Idenden, R.J. Moffett,
Annual and semiannual variations in the ionospheric F2-layer: I Modelling
Annales Geophysicae, 18, 927-944, 2000

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M. Lockwood, C.J. Davis,
The correct application of Poynting's theorem to the time-dependent magnetosphere: reply to Heikkila
Annales Geophysicae, 17, 178-181, 1999

M. Lockwood, S.W.H. Cowley,
Comment on "A statistical study of the ionospheric convection response to changing interplanetary magnetic field conditions using the assimilative mapping of ionospheric electrodynamics technique"
Journal of Geophysical Research, 104, 4387-4391, 1999

M. Lockwood, R. Stamper, M.N. Wild,
A doubling of the sun's coronal magnetic field during the last 100 years
Nature, 399, 437-439, 1999

M. Lockwood, M.A. Hapgood,
The Low-Latitude Boundary Layer: Application of ISTP Advances to Past Data
in The Physics of Sun-Earth Plasma and Field Processes, AGU Monograph 109, ed. J. Burch, 103-111, 1999

M. Lockwood, M.N. Wild, R. Stamper, C.J. Davis, M. Grande,
Predicting solar disturbance effects on navigation systems
Journal of Navigation, 52, 203-216, 1999

S.A. Fuselier, M. Lockwood, T.G. Onsager, W.K. Peterson,
The source population for the cusp and cleft/LLBL for southward IMF
Geophys. Res. Lett., 26, 1665-1669, 1999

M. Lockwood, R. Stamper, M.N. Wild, A. Balogh, G. Jones,
Our changing sun
Astronomy & Geophysics, 40, 4.10-4.16, 1999

M. Lockwood, R. Stamper,
Long-term drift of the coronal source magnetic flux and the total solar irradiance
Geophys. Res. Lett., 26, 2461-2464, 1999

M. Lockwood, J. Moen,
Reconfiguration and closure of lobe flux by reconnection during northward IMF: evidence for signatures in cusp/cleft auroral emissions
Annales Geophysicae, 17, 996-1011, 1999

M.O. Chandler, S.A. Fuselier, M. Lockwood, T.E. Moore,
Evidence of component magnetic merging equatorward of the cusp
Journal of Geophysical Research, 104, 22623-22648, 1999

D.G. Sibeck, G. Paschmann, R.A. Treumann, S.A. Fuselier, W. Lennartsson, M. Lockwood, R. Lundin, K.W. Oglivie, T.G. Onsager, T.-D. Phan, M. Roth, M. Scholer, N. Sckopke, K. Stasiewicz, M. Yamauchi,
Plasma transfer processes at the magnetopause
Space Science Reviews, 88, 207-283, 1999

D.G. Sibeck, G. Paschmann, R.A. Treumann, S.A. Fuselier, W. Lennartsson, M. Lockwood, R. Lundin, K.W. Oglivie, T.G. Onsager, T.-D. Phan, M. Roth, M. Scholer, N. Sckopke, K. Stasiewicz, M. Yamauchi,
Plasma transfer processes at the magnetopause
in Magnetospheric Plasma Sources and Losses, ed. B. Hultqvist, M. Øieroset, G. Paschmann and R. Truemann, Kluwar, Dordrecht, 1999

R. Stamper, M. Lockwood, M.N. Wild, T.D.G. Clark,
Solar Causes of the Long Term Increase in Geomagnetic Activity
Journal of Geophysical Research, 104, 28325-28342, 1999

N.J. Fox, S.W.H. Cowley, V.N. Davda, G. Enno, E. Friis-Christensen, R.A. Greenwald, M.R. Hairston, M.G. Kivelson, M. Lester, M. Lockwood, H. Lühr, D.K. Milling, J.S. Murphree, M. Pinnock, G.D. Reeves,
A multipoint study of a substorm occurring on 7 December 1992 and its theoretical implications
Annales Geophysicae, 17, 1396-1384, 1999

H. Rishbeth, M.A. Clilverd,
Long-term change in the upper atmosphere
Astronomy & Geophysics, 40, 3.26-3.28, 1999

H. Rishbeth, I.C.F. Müller-Wodarg,
Vertical circulation and thermospheric composition
Annales Geophysicae, 17, 794-805, 1999

H. Rishbeth,
Chances and changes: The detection of long-term change in the ionosphere
Trans. Amer. Geophys. Union (EOS), 80, 590 & 593, 1999

K.J.F. Sedgemore-Schulthess, M. Lockwood, T.S. Trondsen, B.S. Lanchester, M.H. Rees, D. Lorentzen, J. Moen,
EISCAT Svalbard radar and optical observations of transient field-aligned currents and aurora in the dayside cusp
Journal of Geophysical Research, 104, 24613-24624, 1999

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H.U. Frey, S. Frey, B.S. Lanchester, M. Kosch,
Optical tomography of the aurora and EISCAT
Annales Geophysicae, 16, 1332-1342, 1998

B.S. Lanchester, M.H. Rees, K.J.F. Sedgemore, J.R. Palmer, H.U. Frey, K.U. Kaila,
Ionospheric response to variable electric fields in small scale auroral structure
Annales Geophysicae, 16, 1343-1354, 1998

M. Lockwood, S.A. Fuselier, A.D.M. Walker, F. Søraas,
A summary of the NATA ASI on polar cap boundary phenomena
in Polar Cap Boundary Phenomena, NATO ASI Series C, Vol. 509, ed. J. Moen, A. Egeland, M. Lockwood, pp 415-432, Kluwar, Dordrecht, 1998

M. Lockwood,
Identifying the open-closed field line boundary
in Polar Cap Boundary Phenomena, NATO ASI Series C, Vol. 509, ed. J. Moen, A. Egeland, M. Lockwood, pp 73-90, Kluwar, Dordrecht, 1998

E.P. Szuszczewicz, P. Blanchard, P. Wilkinson, G. Crowley, T. Fuller-Rowell, P. Richards, M. Abdu, T. Bullet, R. Hanbaba, J.P. Lebreton, M. Lester, M. Lockwood, G. Millward, M. Wild, S. Puinets, B.M. Reddy, I. Stanislawska, G. Vannaroni, B. Zolesti,
The first real-time world-wide ionospheric prediction network: an advance in support of spacebourne experimentation, on-line model validation and space weather
Geophys. Res. Lett., 25, 449-452, 1998

M. Lockwood, C.J. Davis, T.G. Onsager, J.A. Scudder,
Modelling signatures of pulsed magnetopause reconnection in cusp ion dispersion signatures seen at middle altitudes
Geophys. Res. Lett., 25, 591-594, 1998

I. Müller-Wordag, A.D. Aylward, M. Lockwood,
Effects of a mid-latitude solar eclipse on the thermosphere and ionosphere - a modelling study
Geophys. Res. Lett., 25, 3787-3790, 1998

M. Lockwood, M.A. Hapgood,
On the Cause of a Magnetospheric Flux Transfer Event
Journal of Geophysical Research, 103, 26453-26478, 1998

P.E. Sandholt, J. Moen, P. Stauning, J.A. Holtet, S.W.H. Cowley, M. Lockwood, U.P. Lovhaug, T. Hansen, A. Egeland,
Temporal and spatial variability of auroral forms in the 10-14 MLT sector: Relationship to plasma convection and solar wind-magnetosphere
Earth Planets And Space, 50, 663-682, 1998

P.R. Field, H. Rishbeth, R.J. Moffett, D.W. Idenden, T. Fuller-Rowell, G.H. Millward, A.D. Aylward,
Modelling composition changes in F-layer storms
Journal of Atmospheric Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 60, 523-543, 1998

M.A. Clilverd, T.D.G. Clark, E. Clark, H. Rishbeth,
Increased magnetic storm activity from 1868 to 1995
Journal of Atmospheric Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 60, 1047-1056, 1998

H. Rishbeth,
How the thermospheric circulation affects the ionospheric F2-layer
Journal of Atmospheric Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 60, 1385-1402, 1998

T.J. Fuller-Rowell, H. Rishbeth, G.H. Millward, R.J. Moffett, S. Quegan, A.D. Aylward,
Reply to comment by Chaman Lal on "Ionospheric F2-layer seasonal and semi-annual variations"
Journal of Geophysical Research, 103, 26763, 1998

H. Rishbeth, M.A. Hapgood,
Legal protection of databases ! necessary, or just more bureaucracy?
Astronomy & Geophysics, 39, 2.8, Royal Astronomical Society, 1998

K.J.F. Sedgemore-Schulthess, J.W. Wright, P.J.S. Williams, G.O.L. Jones, M.T. Rietveld,
Plasma velocity estimates from the dynasonde: comparison with EISCAT measurements
Annales Geophys., 16, 1138-1143, 1998

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S.W.H. Cowley, M. Lockwood,
Incoherent scatter radar observations related to magnetospheric dynamics
Advances in Space Res., 20, (4/5), 873-882, 1997

C.J. Davis, M.N. Wild, M. Lockwood, Y.K. Tulunay,
Ionospheric and geomagnetic response to changes in IMF Bz: a super-posed epoch study
Annales Geophysicae, 15, 217-230, 1997

P.R. Field, H. Rishbeth,
The response of the ionospheric F2-layer to geomagnetic activity: An analysis of worldwide data
Journal of Atmospheric Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 59, 163-180, 1997

B.S. Lanchester, M.H. Rees, D. Lummerzheim, A. Otto, H.U. Frey, K.U. Kaila,
Large fluxes of auroral electrons in filaments of 100 m width
Journal of Geophysical Research, 102, 9741-9748, 1997

M. Lockwood,
Cluster's last stand?
Astronomy and Geophysics, 38, 1, 21-25, 1997

M. Lockwood, M.A. Hapgood,
How the Magnetopause Transisition Parameter Works
Geophysical Research Letters, 24, 373-376, 1997

M. Lockwood,
The relationship of dayside auroral precipitations to the open-closed separatrix and the pattern of convective flow
Journal of Geophysical Research, 102, 17475-17487, 1997

M. Lockwood, H.J. Opgenoorth,
Principles of combined ground-based and satellite studies of solar-terrestrial phenomena
in Ground-based observations in support of the Cluster mission, ESA SP-1198, ed. M. Lockwood, M.N. Wild, and H.J. Opgenoorth, pp. 3-14, ESA Publications, ESTEC, Nordvijk, The Netherlands, 1997

M. Lockwood, H.J. Opgenoorth,
in Ground-based observations in support of the Cluster mission, ESA SP-1198, ed. M. Lockwood, M.N. Wild and H.J. Opgenoorth, vii-xi, ESA Publications, ESTEC, Nordvijk, The Netherlands, 1997

M. Lockwood,
Testing Substorm Theories: The Need For Multipoint Observations
Advances in Space Research, 20, (4/5), 883-894, 1997

M. Lockwood,
Energy and pitch angle dispersions of LLBL/cusp ions seen at middle altitudes: predictions by the open magnetosphere model
Annales Geophysicae, 15, 1501-1514, 1997

M. Lockwood,
Solar Wind - Magnetosphere Coupling
in Incoherent Scatter: Theory, Practice and Science, Technical Report 97/53, ed. D. Alcayde, EISCAT Scientific Association, Kiruna, (also RAL report RAL-95-P-100), 1997

D. Lummerzheim, M. Brittnacher, D. Evans, G.A. Germany, G.K. Parks, M.H. Rees, J.F. Spann,
High time resolution study of the hemispheric power carried by energetic electrons into the ionosphere during the May 19/20, 1996 auroral activity
Geophysical Research Letters, 24, 987-990, 1997

I.W. McCrea, M. Lockwood,
Incoherent Scatter Radars
in Ground-based observations in support of the Cluster mission, ESA SP-1198, ed. M. Lockwood, M.N. Wild and H.J. Opgenoorth, pp. 239-266, ESA Publications, ESTEC, Nordvijk, The Netherlands, 1997

T.G. Onsager, M. Lockwood,
High-latitude particle precipitation and its relationship to magnetospheric source regions
Space Science Reviews, 80, 77-107, 1997

H.J. Opgenoorth, M.A.L. Persson, M. Lockwood, R. Stamper, M.N. Wild, R. Pellinen, T. Pulkkinen, K. Kauristie, T. Hughes, Y. Kamide,
A new family of geomagnetic disturbance indices
in Ground-based observations in support of the Cluster mission, ESA SP-1198, ed. M. Lockwood, M.N. Wild and H.J. Opgenoorth, 49-62, ESA Publications, ESTEC, Nordvijk, The Netherlands, 1997

H.J. Opgenoorth, M. Lockwood,
Opportunities for magnetospheric research with coordinated Cluster and ground-based observations
Space Sci. Rev., 79, 599-637, 1997

H. Rishbeth,
The ionospheric E- and F-layer dynamos: a tutorial review
Journal of Atmospheric Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 59, 1873-1880, 1997

H. Rishbeth, P.R. Field,
Latitude and solar-cycle patterns in the response of the ionospheric F2-layer to geomagnetic activity
Advances in Space Research, 20, (9), 1689-1692, 1997

H. Rishbeth,
Long-term changes in the ionosphere
Advances in Space Research, 20, (11), 2149-2155, 1997

H. Rishbeth,
Open access to data
Nature, 390, 548, 1997

H. Rishbeth,
MISTs of Time
Astronomy and Geophysics, 38, (2), 20-22, 1997

R. Stamper, M.N. Wild, M. Lockwood, S. Wallman,
An on-line directory facility of STP
in Ground-based obseravtions in support of the Cluster mission, ESA SP-1198, ed. M. Lockwood, M.N. Wild and H.J. Opgenoorth, pp. 367-387, ESA Publications, ESTEC, Nordvijk, The Netherlands, 1997

M.N. Wild, M. Lockwood,
The Cluster-Ground Based Data Centre at RAL
in Ground-based observations in support of the Cluster mission, ESA SP-1198, ed. M. Lockwood, M.N. Wild and H.J. Opgenoorth, pp. 361-366, ESA Publications, ESTEC, Nordvijk, The Netherlands, 1997

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